Donated tissues are used in treating a wide range of serious illnesses and injuries. Only certain types of tissues are procured and used in Finland. Elsewhere in the world, the tissue procurement is more common and increasingly more tissues are collected from the donors for important further use.
The bone transplants are used to treat the tissue deficiencies caused by wear, cancer and accidents. Bone, as such, can be used to replace an entire functional part, such as a hip bone, whereas crushed bone is used for example during the prosthetic surgeries.
Tendons stored in a tissue bank are used as such to repair various tendon damages.
Corneal transplant can restore vision on an eye when the cause of the illness or injury is in the cornea.
Amniotic membrane is a placental membrane, which is harvested during the planned cesarean sections. It is used to treat eye injuries, wounds and burns. It protects the injured area from an external microbial attack and thus protects the wound.
Heart valves are functional tissues that can be used to repair different valve defects when transplanted as such. The heart valves are mainly procured from the hearts that for some reason are not suitable for organ transplants.
Vascular transplants can be used to repair damaged blood vessels.
Skin grafts can replace the skin when it is damaged as the result of a disease or an accident, such as a burn. Artificial skin, manufactured in a laboratory, can also be used as a skin graft.